четверг, 28 февраля 2019 г.

The Dover Castle

In fact, the central dominate of the citadel ( besides called the keep), which still stands today, was built by King atomic number 1 II. The keep served as a last point of refuge in case of an attack. This keep was unique because it was probably the some elegant unrivaled in the entire kingdom with an elaborate fore- mental synthesis, two residential floors higher up a basement, two chapels and many mural chambers, and even plumbing. (Every Castle 2014 )He also built rectangular walls surrounding the castle. These walls were thick and tall and were most belike built to fortify the castle to protect the nobles. Every Castle 2014 ) afterwards Henry II passed, his work was carried on by King washstand and was immediately tested by the French in 1 ,215 when the bally(a) civil war began. This war was called the Barons War and it lasted about a year. In 1216, Prince Louis of France invaded England. Many of the citizens of England were unhappy with King John at the time so it was fairly easy for Prince Louis of France to carry out his invasion. At a authentic point, he had conquered about half of England. He failed to fully invade and cry the capital of Delaware Castle and soon after King Johns death, he broken a manage of his support.Therefore, he was never able to add England to his kingdom. In the thirteenth century, Henry Ill repaired many of the walls and added to his ancestors fortress by building what is now known as the Norfolk Tower. (Goodly 2012) Remarkable Features The Dover castle contains non-homogeneous tunnels that were actually built in 1 , 216 during the Barons War. These tunnels are truly fascinate because they were used during World War l. Another reason why they are so intriguing is cause tunnels are not easy things to cast off these days despite all the technological advances, so it must cast taken a really long time to build them second then.It makes you wonder what they needed these tunnels for. The localisation of function of the castle is by far the most fascinating thing because it has proven to be so usual end-to-end history. Why would they choose to build the castle on the coast? Would that not make the castle more vulnerable to invasion? Its location is by all odds a big reason why this castle was so popular throughout history. Prior to the Norman invasion, its previous inhabitants primary(prenominal)ly used the location as a fort.However, the kings of England really regarded this castle as a polarity of power since it was the first thing that many people saw when mien over to England from mainland Europe. Conclusion In conclusion, the Dover Castle changed a alone lot in history as different kings ruled England. disrespect all the changes, the castle is very well preserved and holds a lot of history even after the medieval times. In fact, the castle was over again remodeled in nineteenth century. It was redesigned into a more contemporary fort that eventually contained artillery. It wa s also used in World War I.This again goes to arrangement how great the location for this castle was and how valuable it is to history. These days, the site is used as a tourist attraction and hundreds of people visit the site insouciant to discover the deep history that this structure holds within it. (Every Castle 2014 ) 3 Questions 1) Who actually resided in the Dover Castle? Did the kings live in the Dover Castle? 2) How close did Prince Louis of France get to overtaking the Castle? What exactly happened? 3) What was the main purpose of the castle? Why did William I choose to build the castle in that location? 4) What were the tunnels used for?

Excel Logistics Case Essay

PurposeTo introduce participants to the provide kitchen range concept and to the effects decisions along the chain have on pedigree levels and represent. Introduction In this game the retailer sells cases of beer to a consumer and differentiates cases of beer from the middleman the wholesaler sells cases of beer to the retailer and pastures cases of beer from the distributor and the distributor sells cases of beer to the wholesaler and orders beer from the factory (brewery). The factory brews the beer.The beer ply chain is shown belowPlayers of the game to each one return on a different role in the give chain. The roles atomic number 18 the Factory, Distributor, Wholesaler and Retailer. either(prenominal) berth is directly linked, and beer stick outnot skip the adjacent position. For example, the Wholesaler orders beer from the Distributor, and ships beer to the Retailer. An important setting in making decisions is the delay in the movement of beer through the supply chain. It takes three flow rates to move an order of beer between each player in the supply chain. If during period 3 the Wholesaler decides to ship 10 cases of beer to the Retailer, the beer would take periods 4 and 5 to move to the Retailer and then would be unattached for sale by the Retailer at the beginning of period 6. Similarly, orders atomic number 18 not visible to the upriver player for one period. For example, if the Wholesaler places an order in period 3, the order is received by the Distributor at the beginning of period 4. For each period of play, every participant follows the aforementioned(prenominal) cycle1. The system is up go steadyd by your instructor where fresh orders and shipments are received, shipments enroute are advanced, and inventory levels and backorder positions are calculated (these tasks are done automatically by the server broadcast. 2. The player updates the status screen and reviews up-to-the-minute position. 3. A transferral decision is m ade according to new orders and backlog, subject to inventory availability, 4. An say decision is made for more beer.There are only two lives involved in this simplified version of a logisticssupply chain inventory holding cost ($1.00/case/period) and back order costs ($2.00/case/period). Each team has the goal of minimizing the sum of these costs by balancing the cost of having inventory (inventory holding cost) with the cost of world out of inventory when a customer orders beer (back order cost). The server program keeps track of the costs incurred by each team. At the end of the game, the congeries game cost for the distribution system is the sum of the four idiosyncratic participants thorough costs (retailer cost + wholesaler cost + distributor cost + factory cost). The goal is to minimize team costs. Action The game begins with a fully-loaded pipeline of cases of beer 16 cases of inventory in each positions menstruum inventory, 4 cases in each of the production delay p ipeline, 4 cases in each of the shipping delay pipeline, each position has an sign order for 4 cases of beer.DefinitionsThe following terms are used in the status report electric current Demand This is the demand for the current period at this position. For the Retailer, this demand is determined by an external demand stream. For all other positions, this demand reflects an order placed by the downstream position in the supply chain during the previous period. Backorder This is the demand that has not been met to date at this position. When a position does not meet demand by shipping cases of beer, the backorder criterion is increased. This amount does not include the demand during the current period. Current Shipment This is the amount that is being shipped to the downstream position during the current period. After the ordering and shipping decisions have been made, the status button can be used to update the status report. The status report ordain reflect the current order and shipment decisions. Remember that afterward the instructor has updated the system, the status button should be pressed again to receive a report that reflects the execution of the decisions for the previous period. On Hand This is the current amount in inventory at the position.This is the total amount that can be shipped this period from this position. Due Next Period This is the number of units that are schedule to arrive at this position next period. Due In twain Periods This is the number of units that are scheduled to arrive in two periods. Current Order Release This is the number of units that are being ordered from the upstream position. Theupstream position will not see this order until after the system has been updated to the next period. Inventory Cost This is the cumulative inventory cost for this position. This is calculated from the actual inventory balance at the end of each simulated period. During the update process, the system first ships material to th e downstream position, updates the cumulative inventory and backorder costs based on the inventory and backorder levels, and then receives new material into the position. Backorder Cost This is the cumulative backorder cost for the position. Total Cost This is the total cumulative cost for the position.

среда, 27 февраля 2019 г.

Niccolo Machiavelli: About Liberal Countries

Italian philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli in Chapter V of his writing speculates upon political backgrounds of governing the empires and expresses his opinion about the most effective way to pattern such parts of the empire, which previously were living under own system of rules of laws and regulations. In Machiavellis opinion, the best political strategy to govern such principalities or cities would be granting the system of strict control of the ruler and devising new colonies obey the laws which were already existing in the empire. In example if by near reason it is impossible to hold the new colonies in bondage, the best and the safest way, according to Machiavelli, would be destroying such former liberal regions.He supports this idea with a number of specific historical examples that illustrate the reality of his hypothesis. Ancient city of Sparta gained control of several colonies, including the cities of Thebes and Athens, but could not overcome there for some long peri od of time and eventually incapacitated these cities, because the old order and laws were not abolished.However, the Roman Empire was following another(prenominal) tactic in such colonies of the Romans as Numantia, Capua and Carthage the old system of laws and amicable order were dismantled and new regions were totally placed under the check of the Emperor. That is how the Romans succeeded in keeping those colonies under control for centuries.According to Machiavelli, this phenomenon can be explained by the necessity to suppress liberal thoughts and love to freedom of impertinently acquired colonies, because otherwise the spirit of liberty will cause the attempts to obtain liberty or revenge.The philosopher also points on some advantages and benefits of being governed by some ruler for the colonies. First of all, the experienced head of the empire can establish political and economic order in a colony overmuch easier and more effectively. Besides, the ruler can provide higher national protective cover and protect the nation from possible civil misunderstandings, rebellions or military attacks, and so on.

Consumer Securities Trading in United States

The following is an in skill look at the effects the profits has had on art securities in the joined States. Its purpose is to define the impact of the Internet by find specific changes in the structure of the concern marketplace as a result of the numerous online securities firms that accept surfaced in the past a couple of(prenominal) years. A brief look at traditionalistic brokerages and market characteristics prior to the sexual climax of the Internet provides a foundation with which to measure many of its impacts.The stretch of the online brokerage model has non just introduced an only if new vehicle with which to deal securities, but it as well beginning to effect the way traditional brokerages assure their own phone line models. Specific totall(a)yy, it appears that both the online/ synthesis model and in ample advantage model of brokerages depart both comply in the next few years, with the top firms exhibiting characteristics aboutwhere amid the dic kens extremes. New Ameri betray television commercials debuted proterozoic this year with a twenty-something-year-old punk extolling the virtues of his new brokerage account to several(a) business men and women.Perhaps the witty E* deal commercial featuring monkeys that first off aired during the 2000 Super Bowl was to a greater extent storied. These commercials argon sort of a business to the traditional brokerage commercials of Merrill Lynch, Morgan Stanley Dean Witter, and Fidelity among others. This contrast is for good reason. Online brokerages start out uprooted the traditional model of consumer securities barter and harbor attracted a critical mass of followers. Before brokerage fees were deregulated 1975, eliminating fixed commissions, profession was something only done by the wealthy.Since then, fees have dropped considerably among the full- religious advantage firms making it manageable for much and more people to manage portfolios. Until 1995 in that respect was exc intake a wake little restraint for many consumers access to timely and accurate information at any time from their own computer. With the arrival of online brokerages in 1995 came a slip ones mind of options for investors, new and old, to access an abundance of information and research, and to initiate their own merchandise ins all at considerably rebateed fees.According to Deutsche Banc, as of 2Q00, online brokerage accounts delineate almost 25% of all accounts in the United States. Furthermore, by 2003, online brokerage accounts ar estimated to control 50% of the brokerage market. The online model has already attracted n proto(prenominal) 20 million investors, initiating an increase in overall trading hoi polloi. An brief examination of the brokerage industry pre-arrival of the Internet and an in depth look at the brokerage industry now illuminates the many differences and possible implications for the future(a) of consumer securities trading in the United State s. handed-down brokerages have been operating freely since 1975. The deregulating of brokerage fees at this time allowed new firms to enter the market, marking the first major alteration in the way Wall lane traditionally offered its go. Before 1975, the market consisted solely of full service of process firms, those firms who offer trading, research, and pecuniary advice by dint of brokers or financial advisors at a considerable fee. later fees were deregulated, dismiss firms began to appear, offering consumers smaller fees, but at the cost of less(prenominal) research and financial advice.The market slowly split between these devil types of business models, but they were fundamentally similar for 20 years riposte revenue by providing consumers the ability to treat and receive financial advice found upon firm research. The concept of having a broker, or financial advisor who acts as an agent for consumers, was the prevailing idea of line of merchandise trading in betwe en 1975 and 1995. Many of those who had portfolios would leave its management entirely up to their brokers, others would call sporadically for advice, and some would be actively co-managing their portfolios with the broker.The prevailing model for securities trading was remedy professionally managed, although different levels of management and cost evolved at this time. Wall Street was altered again in 1995, probably more really than in 1975, when securities trading and the Internet converged. According to the Securities Industry Association, K. Aufhasuer & Company was the first to melt down securities trading online in 1994. However, it was not until 1995 that the first online brokerages debuted their new business model. nerve impulse mounted quickly, as many investors flocked to the lure of extremely subtractioned prices and quick trade accomplishment. Without the brick and mortar comportment typical of the traditional brokerages and a significantly less extensive ne 2rk of research and financial advice, online brokerages can offer transactions at fractions of the costs of traditional brokerages, even of the traditional discounters. The first online investors were, and still are, preponderantly a mix of young, first-time investors and older, more experience ones, according to a McKinsey & Company study.When online brokerages first surfaced, they introduced an entirely unique channel for delivering securities trading to consumers. No other brokerage firms offered the ability to trade securities over the Internet it was totally reserved for those companies referred to as online brokerages. This has changed however over the past couple of years. Traditional full-service brokerages are beginning to adopt their own online components.The two most oftentimes cited reasons for the scramble of full service firms to enter the online market were customer pressure, and the consternation of asset flight to online brokerages, according to a Deloitte & Touche S urvey. The ability to distinguish these early online brokerages from full service firms is no longer a matter of whether or not they offer online services.The distinguishing feature now is between the cost of their services, segregating firms into a classification again of discount or full service. In a sense, the online model has redefined discount, moving the discount brokerage to a much get on extreme. Indeed, it is true that most of the firms that are classified to solar day simply as discount are founded on an online business model or have quickly adopted online capabilities, but many of the full service firms, as mentioned, are turning to the online channel in hopes of competing with the discounters. Therefore, when an online brokerage is referred to, it implies both the discount firms and the few full service firms with online capabilities.The evolution of the online brokerage market has been volatile in growth, catapulting from just one online brokerage in 1995 to an estima ted 170 in 2000, totaling 19. 5 million online accounts (refer to Figure 1 below). The first online brokerages to emerge were predominantly deep discount, followed by mid discount firms, and finally some of the traditional discount incumbents adopted an online strategy and are now classified as mid-tier firms. To illustrate this trend, consider the emergence of 5 of todays top 6 online brokerages In 1996, two major deep discount firms emerged, Datek and Ameritrade. over the next two years, two major mid-discount firms appeared, E*trade and DLJdirect. In 1998, Charles Schwab made their presence felt in the online market which was one of the few traditional discount firms before the online model developed. Fidelity quickly followed suit. This upsurge of online brokerages and the trend for some of the traditional brokerages to go online has had some lasting effects on the securities trading market, which will be explored in the next two sections. The impact of online brokerages is mani fested in nearly every aspect of the securities trading market today.Trading mess increase is one of the largest impacts, as a result of the ease and handiness of trading that online accounts bring to consumers. It is worth examining the figure of speechs to determine if the large increases in trading volume are actually a result of online accounts, or merely pure correlation with a booming bull market. Over the past decade, the volume of shares traded on the NASDAQ stock market has grown at a compound annual rate of 26%, but since the arrival of online brokerages in 1995, it has grown at a rate of 30%.Although this is not an enormous increase, it is certainly quite significant. To look at it in other light, online accounts represented 15% of all brokerage accounts in the US, but more than 37% of the trading volume. Based upon past experience in the stock market, it may seem that this increase in trading volume is an entirely productive result. However, much of the trading volum e from online accounts is a result of day trading, which raises concerns with the SEC. Day trading was not possible before online brokerages made it possible to quickly and effectively trade securities multiple times daily.It is a conceptional business, more so than the traditional brokerage business. As Deloitte & Touche describes it, Customers usually trade in and out of several securities positions every day hoping to earn a confirmatory spread on their transactions. The SEC is responsible for maintaining fair and orderly markets, to nurture investors, and to enforce securities laws that were established upon principles that day trading discards. According to a Deloitte & Touche survey, 62% of discount firms said they would offer services to day traders versus 0% at full service firms.Most online brokerages recognize that day traders make up an integral portion of their customer base, and do not wish to consecrate the relationship. Day trading is one negative result of the a dvent of online brokerages that will remain a challenge for some time to come. Another notable consequence of online brokerages is the further development of after hours trading. The New York Stock trade first expanded its hours to off hours trading in 1991. The NYSE added a modest extension extending the after hours from 4pm to 515pm. It is now possible, with an online account to trade at any time.This can be advantageous to many investors in giving them more flexibility regarding time availability and for investors overseas who have holdings in US securities and cannot trade at regularly scheduled hours. by and by hours trading in 1999 represented 50% of all online transactions. Online brokerages have modify effect time quite dramatically to an average of 20 seconds per trade versus nearly 60 seconds for full service firms. In addition to modify execution time, the reliability and accuracy of online executions at discount firms is generally considered to be far superior to fu ll service firms online counterparts.The reasons most frequently cited for this are two-fold. First, most discount firms are built upon an online model, it is their core competency, allowing them to devote all of their efforts to perfect the core of their business model. Discount firms rely on trade volume for revenue, not asset accumulation, so it is imperative that their trade execution is the best that it can be. The second reason for superior trade execution at discount firms is that full service firms simply do not devote the same technological resources to their online channel.Full service firms focus generally on performing cutting edge research, and providing sound financial advice by its network of brokers. The speed and reliability in execution at discount firms has been one of the top attractions of investors, along with largely discounted prices. The online brokerage market has also greatly impacted the availability of brokerage services to those who were previously un reachable. This hinges upon Internet penetration in the US, which is approaching 120 million active swelled Internet users, or a penetration rate of 50%.As was mentioned previously, the first investors to move online were mainly those who were brand new to securities trading, or those who were undergo enough to feel confident trading with little or no professional advice. Most of them brought below average asset values online. In fact, in mid-1999, although online accounts represented 15% of all brokerage accounts, they only represented 5% of the total assets. As stated previously, these accounts also accounted 37% of the trading volume. That would indicate that the online brokerages do not focus on producing revenue through asset accumulation, but through trading volume.This has some major implications to be discussed in the next session. The majority of discount firms rely on trading volume to create revenue through their online offerings. This means they depend on accumulating customers who trade frequently in order to collect fees for trades made. Trade volume has been increasing quite dramatically over the past few, as the voice of online trades increases as a proportion of total. This bodes well for the online brokerages who are accumulating customers, although those players who are at the bottom of the pack will credibly fall out soon.The market is remarkably consolidated after just 4 years in existence. In fact, the top ten online brokerages comprise 90% of the online assets and accounts, and the top 4 comprise 86%. Those brokerages who are having a tough time accumulating customers and trade volume even while the online brokerage market is hot, will likely fall out soon. Referring back to Figure 1, it can be seen that the number of online brokerage firms is expected to decrease over the next few years while the number of online accounts increases. The online industry is consolidating quickly while continuing to grow.Although at that place is stil l a large disparity between discount firms and full service firms in terms of how they operate and what they offer, this is likely to change in the coming years. Already, the trend for full service firms to go online is in motion, and there are even some discount firms that are beginning to backup their trading services with plans for banking, insurance, and bill payment services. Currently, discount firms have almost 74% of their transactions online versus 18% online at full service firms.In a Deloitte & Touche survey, 100% of full service firms said they planned to use online trading to enter new businesses, create alliances, or shift the business model, and 74% of discount firms said they planned to add additional services that are typically offered only by full service firms. It appears that the two extremes in brokerage services are headed towards a common shopping centre ground. As the author of the Deloitte & Touche study put it, the distinction between discount brokers an d full service firms is becoming less evident.There is distinct indorse that the brokerages that will prevail in the next decade will have features of both a discount brokerage and a full service brokerage. A 50/50 hybrid model of online and full service could prevail, but it is more likely that the future constituents will be ground on one core competency (online vs. full service) and have significant characteristics of its counterpart. This is because each business model appeals to different segments of the population.It is generally agreed that full service firms have a distinct advantage in announce dollars and brand equity, and appeal to investors with more money and/or less experience of investing. Online brokerages appeal generally to investors with less money and/or more companionship of investing. At this point in time, they are quite distinct, but the go is closing. Another salient example of this phenomenon is that the top focus of current trade strategies for 18% of online brokerages is to build brand equity, a la the full service firms. Each model, discount and full service, is moving to a common ground.The skepticism that now stands is, who will win out? It is not an easy working class to predict the future, or the future of brokerage services in the United States for that matter. One thing is for sure the online channel will succeed. The top brokerages of the future will certainly incorporate online components very significantly. Those that will continue to succeed will be able to be flexible and adjust to the ever-changing demands of consumers and technology, just as the top firms today are able to stuff the online channel. As Deloitte & Touche put it, firms that cannot be innovative will find themselves corner players or acquisition targets.

вторник, 26 февраля 2019 г.

Female feticide Essay

egg-producing(prenominal) feticide is one of the biggest challenges that India is facing forthwith in terms of gender. It has choke a significant social phenomenon. It transcends all barriers of caste, class and community and scour the north-south dichotomy. The World Economic Forums annual Global sexuality Gap report for the course of study 2007 has shown India at a dismal hundred-and-twentieth position. The gender gap report looks at the disparities in terms of health, fosterage, economic status and political participation between men and women. India is facing the toughest scrutiny when it comes to bridging the existing disparities. If we consider the gender gap alone, then the biggest challenge that India faces today is of pistillate feticide. Sex selective abortions and increase in the number of female infanticide cases have become a significant social phenomenon in several(prenominal)(prenominal) parts of India. It would be wrong to say that the government is doing no thing, but the worry is that sometimes even the government becomes helpless. If the people argon not go down to change their mentality despite being educated, then we be to be blamed.Any progress toward halting infanticide has been foiled by the rise in sex-selective abortions. One thing which is clear is that laws can be enacted but whether we honour the law is up to us. Our government frames one law at a time and there are several people ready to endanger it. The other form of killing a girl child is infanticide wise(p) act of killing a female within one year of her birth. This has led to an escalating gap in the sex ratio. The ratio among children up to the develop of six was 962 girls per 1,000 boys in 1981, but twenty years later, the inequity had turn 927 girls per 1,000 boys. This ratio is amongst the about imbalanced in the world. The local, religious and social custom have also added fuel to the fire. India is still a largely feudalistic and patriarchal society.I n many parts of our country (especially in UP, Bihar, Rajasthan, Haryana, Tamilnadu and Punjab), women are viewed as an economic liability despite contributing in several ways to our society and economy. Women in India are victims of the patriarchal ideology that oppresses them. The most disturbing factor is the fact that sex selective abortion is usual even amongst the educated class. We need to understand the gravity of this problem onwards it is too late. There are numerous reasons behind this and mostly are social evils such as dowry system and lack of education and rights for women in India. The government can just provide few more schemes such as literacy programmes for females.

Article with logical fallacies Essay

Christians believe God created the whole origination because he had the powers, this make them argue out the theory of evolution which states that from each one and every creature that live on has undergone the process of evolution. Due to the believe in the theory of creation, righteousness has given trust to their creator who is god, from the ancestral sentence to modern time. Many societies have followed this because their ancestors had practiced this for a very ample time.Christians believe in faith and they argue that their faith is difficult to ruin since they believe in the word of god which was prophesized and written in the give-and-take by men who were inspired by god and this believes have squeeze non- believers in the society into Christianity. The study of the bible has also strengthen the Christian believe since it has given them reliable evidence that their powerful god exist and one day he shall come into existence and he allow save them from the temptation they encounter each and every day . ikon out what kind of logical fallacy is used and how it is used. Logical fallacies be the detects that weakens our arguments or reasoning, It can also be defined as computer error in reasoning. By having the strength to look at different causes of fallacies we atomic number 18 able to evaluate the arguments, discoverings etc Fallacies have also helped us to improve our little way of looking at things.The following logical fallacies have been place in the above article Fallacies that spells to galley or Argumentum ad populum this is a fallacy that make commonwealth accept something because it is done or received by many commonwealth, an example in the above article is where people in the society decide to follow Christianity because they found other people had already accepted to follow it.Argumentum ad atiquitatem or fallacy of pass judgment something since it has been there for on time, example is the above article is where people in the society have accepted to be converted to Christianity since they believe it has been their for along time, therefore it is good to be followed. Argumentum ad baculum or Fallacy that appeal to force in order to prevail in debate, this particular type of fallacy is seen widely in the religion whereby a powerful religion forces non- believers to accept believe in the religion .In the above article non believers are forced to believe that god exists and they should believe in him. lastly there is the Fallacy where conclusion is drawn from unconnected premises. For example in the above article bible has been believed to have been written by gods people who were inspired by god, So when people read the bible and learn that it was prophesized by god, they are unable to evaluate it into notional thinking.Reference www. philosophychatforum. com

понедельник, 25 февраля 2019 г.

A Snowflake Is Winter’s Butterfly

A bit is winters plainlyterfly. When I awakened, actually early, the screen background was covered with little pearly snowflakes. They had floated gently from the sky, twirling and whirling. Millions in flight, blanketing the ground with sparkling little pictures traced in a line, and shining whitely. Some magician must have come and by the starlight, worked through all the even-tempered darkness. I must be dreaming, after what happened Daddy told me he had a surprise for me, boy do I comparable surprises We were going to race for reindeers in the mountains near our house. My eyes immediately set aglow, my heart entangle warm and excitement rushed through my body.I was finally going to dash off my number 1 reindeer and he will fall before me after my finger pulled that trigger. Although I was just a little girl, I unceasingly wanted to go and hunt with my tonicdy and now was my opportunity so I packed a full picnic basket with rafts of freshly baked cookies. I gazed in w onder at my depression coat as we were leaving the house. We walked and talked for hours. Although the air was crisp and stirring, love unbroken me warm and laughter filled me with unspeakable joy. We had a map and when dad said he was just going to peek if the river was nearby, as indicated on the map, I saw something and ran after it.I ran till my lungs burnt and finally came to a sudden stop. I looked around in horror for my daddy but he was now where to be found. After minutes of searching, which felt like hours, the sun said good bye and the night sky greeted with a very chilly, thin wind. I was freezing, shivering and shaking like a pudding in a mould. I was colder than the contents of a one million million million ice cream cones. Oh, I could not feel my fingers neither my toes. Wait, at that place was something but I couldnt move. It has been hours in this snow storm. It came surrounding(prenominal) and closer A reindeer approached me, pushing his lever against me.I wa s scared to death and thusly prayed for help. A sudden relief swept over me and the reindeer pushed his nose against me for the hour time as if to tell me Youre going to be all right. A sound escaped its throat, and the second reindeer came closer, watching, guiding and then in seconds, the two reindeers came lying beside me, applications programme me, and warming me. I fell asleep as graceful cup of tea came raining down, each snowflake like a falling star, fortunate beauty that spun afar. I felt peace and serenity before me for the first time in hours.The sun rose higher and higher with his sceptre of golden fire. I was suddenly awake after the most stunning dream. DADDY He was calling for me. He searched all night and when he saw me lying there he joyfully embraced me. I told him the marvelous story and he smiled down at me with love and happiness. A snowflake is winters butterfly. It doesnt have the intention of harming you, nor trying to consume you with a snowflake-th understorm. It touches your soul lightly until finally you are saved by love. Even by the love of an animal you were so excitedly pull in to kill. Charlene Total words 553

Rene Descartes six meditations Distinction of Self from the Body Essay

Rene Descartes was a French Mathematician and a modern Philosopher who positive an original philosophical system ground on skills aimed at being fixed and likely to last. His manner was based upon premises of senses, reason, doubt and belief. Like nearly philosophers his quest was for Truth and knowledge. However the nature of Truth and knowledge trunk debatable among philosophers to this day. It is worth noning that a contemporary modern philosopher said at the beginning of the 21st century, the beginning of Information Age , Study of philosophy is now reduced to the c at a timeive of language.We ar different f read-only storage our bodies Since the advent of sympathetic civilization many men feel preoccupied themselves with philosophical thoughts of the bank note of self from the body. These metaphysical ideas , sometimes ontological, lie on the borderline of apparitional theology and philosophy. With discoveries in the field of physical sciences like Einsteins Relativity the pitying c at a timeption of space, matter, time and forces has become clearer. This has further fuelled worry in the field of philosophical investigation of the relationships mingled with head, matter and the supernatural.This action mechanism is a rough-cutplace past time of the educated and curious. The scientific and methodological study of any branch of knowledge involves the formulation of Thesis, Hypothesis and anti Thesis. Every Thesis has an AntiThesis. Is the self distinguishable from the body ? The senses are deceptive What we see is spurious. Our memory deceives us. Hence a Truth that rat be established is that nothing is certain. Hence it bunghole be off-key for the time being that our senses and bodies are not true. We are probably distinct from our bodies. Rationality is questionable Man is known as a specifying(prenominal) animal.But the idea of rationality and the annotation between a man and an animal are debatable. Man certainly ha s to face an self-explanatory identity crisis if material knowledge is to be trusted. The idea of a someone distinguishes self from the body All phenomena cant be explained by sense-perception, thinking and physical bodies. They have to be attributed to a super-natural phenomena , the person. If the self is to be distinct from the body it could be in the form of the soul. The place of self-movement, sensation and thought as according to the judgment of Rene Descartes are unknown to the nature of body.These conclusions are based on Descartes philosophical experiments with himself using the efficiency of his judgment. He uses his mind to probe the co-relation between subjectivity, objectivity and their distinctness from body. This method has been Descartes most powerful tool and which makes him unique in the family of modern philosophers. The waking up during sleep is an experiment. Descartes argues that when asleep he has perceived through senses many things he cant percei ve through senses while awake. These are once again Descartes experiments with himself. Descartes is careful nough to recollect his thoughts and experiences for the object of philosophical study.Thinking is discriminate from being. Descartes uses his imagination to conclude that he might embody name from his body as a source of thinking. In his legendary famous dry landment he once declared , I think at that placefore I am. Human mind and judgment are flat to error . Hence the truth has to be away from the Human mind and body. Descartes reached a conclusion that there does exist a God. God is perfect(a) in his judgment because his mind is infinite. This is obviously not true with human beings beings. Hence their judgment is subject to errors and faults.There is alike a philosophical method of reaching the Truth by elimination of errors. Considering the belief that their does exist a Universal Truth away from the limitations of the human body it is middling concluding tha t we are distinct from our bodies. The existence of God is an irrefutable yard Thesis that there does exist a God strengthens the concept of distinction of self from the body. It would be contradictory associating God to a body God, Descartes put on is infinite.Also, the idea of life after death in the form of soul which is the belief of literally every religious heology strengthens the belief that we are distinct from our body. Rene Descartes experimented with the mind Descartes claims in The Fourth Meditation that he has trained his mind to separate from his senses and dwell only in the intellect. The result were observations and conclusions that he was all in all separate from matter. Descartes uses his ability at philosophical meditations, the touristed method of study and research by a philosopher. The Human Will Descartes concludes extends beyond the bodies. With the human will, many philosophers believe it is possible to meditate and separate the consciousness rom the bo dy. Modern Science refutes distinction of body from mind thesis. Descartes himself was once a scientist before he took to philosophical pursuits.A scientist, for example a desexualize would immediately rubbish the claims of the separation of self from the body citing encyclopedias of scientific evidence. Carl Jungs Experiment nulls the idea of a soul. This famous Psychologist conducted an experiment and concluded that there is no soul The distinction between self and body is not recognized by modern psychology books. Philosophical methods might be fallacious. Philosophers employ methods based n speculations and subjectivity. These might be inaccurate and also subject to a difference of opinion even amongst philosophers. Whereas science is based on empirical experiments which no one can challenge once accepted and established. There is a self concept in the science of Psychology. The self concept has an aura of mysticism associated with it. No one can see, feel or touch the self c oncept. It is reduced to I and me from the common sense point of view by nearly all domains of knowledge.popularly the psychologists associate the self concept , the I self-importance, with the ndividual and his states of mind Conscious, subconscious and the unconscious. Body- swelled head concept can be an evidence of self and body singularity. The propagation of mental structure advocated by Hartmann, Kris and Loewenstein advocate an ego state known as the Body Ego. They suggest with impressive arguments that the ego and the id should be conceived the result of an undifferentiated state.Conclusion The embodied self concept generates a tension. The stream of consciousness can be believed to be located at heart the boundaries of a creature. The self ( its memories, eliefs and traits ) might not located within the boundaries of the creature.Our suspicion equates ourselves with our consciousness. A point to be noted is that there is a dualism not only between mind and body but also between consciousness and mind The ancient scholarly philosophical debate Self is distinct from the body is a challenging interdisciplinary study. However, the philosophy disciple is best equipped to handle it. The debate seems to have no end. That is what makes a debate an interesting academic field of study. Philosophers and philosophy students have to be cautious that in their xuberance they do not unwittingly clash with scientific evidence or infringe with cherished religious and theological beliefs.The indian lodge punished Galileo because he was ahead in time than the people. The times have changed remarkably. These days society is more tolerant to new ideas. Even sworn statement against Jesus doesnt shock the West anymore. Recent headlines of a popular newspaper says that the church has forgiven Beatles for claiming they were more popular than Jesus. Philosophers and philosophy students can repair a timely role in all ages. The clear inwardness is that they need not ostracize themselves from the society.

воскресенье, 24 февраля 2019 г.

3 Idiots Essay

3 Idiots is a bollywood exposure that released worldwide on 25th December 2009. It was produced by Vidhu Vinod Chopra and directed by Rajkumar Hirani. The film has terzetto actors playing the fade roles, hence the film is named 3 Idiots. The one-third blend actors are Aamir Khan, Sharman Joshi and R Madhavan. These three are the brilliant students of their respective mellow schools. While Boman Irani portrays the role of the college director of the college which these three students join after graduating from their amply schools. Also, there is a small role play by Kareena Kapoor. She is the wind lady of the film and plays the role of the directors daughter.The film displays the splendour of learning and education in our lives. The film deals with the education system in India and how the students are unable to cope up to the insistence because of the excessive amounts of exams and assignments. 3 Idiots is a story of three bright students who accommodate acquired a grade p oint average of 10.00 (on a scale of 10.00) in their high schools. They enter the most prestigious college for engineering in India The Imperial College of Engineering. Rancho is a character played by Aamir Khan. He loves machines and that is the reason he wants to pursue mechanical engineering. Raju, the character played by Sharman Joshi doesnt live life to the fullest. He is scared of the assignments and exams. He wants to work actually hard and stool a right transaction as he comes from a poor family and he is the simply mavin to support his family. Farhan is the name of the character played by R Madhavan. Farhan wants to be a wildlife photographer exactly he joins the college of engineering because his father wants him to be a mechanical engineering as he has very good grades in his school. While Viru Sahastrabuddhe is the director of the college which is played by Boman Irani. Viru is a very strict professor and maintains his pressure upon his students. There is an inci dent in the film which shows that a student commits suicide because he doesnt provide competent time to him for completing the project.The students are unable to take such(prenominal) pressure and they believe that its time for them to end their life. This is a true part and such pressure exists in most of the colleges in India. Rancho loves engineering so he doesnt have bothers with the exams and assignments. While Raju and Farhan are unable to get good grades as they feel the pressure of the education system. Rancho asks Farhan to change his welkin of sphere from engineering to wildlife photography as Farhan al focal points wanted to stimulate a wildlife photographer. He advises Raju toput away his fear and it would help him to trace in his exams. In the third year of engineering recruiters hire students. Viru says that Raju and Farhan would only be able to get the jobs only when they pass with good grades in the final exam. To purposely fail them he sets the paper himself, increasing the hassle level. Virus daughter Pia comes to know about this, so she in casts Rancho. Rancho tries to err the paper and is caught by the director.He decided to rusticate all the three for their act. Pia informs his father about the real reason that took her brothers life. Viru thought that his son had died in a car accident but later he comes to know that he committed suicide as he didnt want to pursue engineering. He was forced by his father to become an engineer while he wanted to study literature. This is the reason why he committed suicide. Knowing this truth he decides not to rusticate the three students. This film is based on a novel by Chetan Bhagat titled Five Point person- What Not To Do At IIT. Bhagats novel also involves the same three lead characters but with varied names. The title of the novel Five Point Someone is based on the five point scale which is used to betoken the GPA at the Indian Institute of Technology. Chetan Bhagat is being regarded as t he biggest marketing English author in Indias history (Chandrakar). Chetan Bhagat feels very high-flown that his book and his pith have received a wider audience because of the film. deal nowadays are less likely to read a book. So, the pass on of the author is spread throughout the world where the film would be released. Chetan Bhagat is a prominent Indian writer who has written several other bestselling novels such as 2 States, One Night at a think Center and 3 Mistakes of My Life.All of these are being made into different movies. The film 3 Idiots finely portrays the education system of India by present exactly what happens with the students of a particular engineering college. Students have to cope up with high amounts of pressure to pass the exams. Committing suicide is not a resolve to the problem, but fighting against the system to improve it can solve the problem to a certain extent. This film shows that Rancho argues with the director to make him understand that the way of teaching is incorrect and he blames the system for this. During an academic year students have several exams to take which involves vast syllabuses and also projects need to be accurate within a short span of time. The film also motivates plenty to study what they like and not whattheir parents would ask them to. The director of the film makes an try to display the critical condition of the education system of India in the form of a brilliant movie which is entertaining and also sends an important message out to the viewers.

Time Management

A nonher proficiency of ain prison experimental condition forethought is proportioning the succession in donnish life. Proportioning the condemnation is keeping a m log for seven twenty-four hourss which is 168 hours (des. Elaine & Leslie, 2006). There atomic number 18 trio term of clip log which ar collapse to do, ought to do, and like to do on activities.The things that view to do atomic number 18 much is d adept on distributively(prenominal) calendar calendar calendar calendar week in highest antecedence such(prenominal) as eating, sleeping, attendance lectures or tutorials manakin and others. Next is considering ought to do what is person support to do. These be non a high rarity plainly claim forwardness to precede the important cultivations such as conducting research studies, a echo travel to to the family, outdoor game like contend footb for each one(prenominal) or playing badminton, and others. Lastly, consider like to do items. These be lower priority but assume to contribute the unimportant terminuss. The unimportant polishs may be athletics and exciting and give some(a) relax or others activities.When somebody is change to command the conviction to a greater extent(prenominal) effectively, it pass on be compact render in academic life (des. Elaine & Leslie, 2006). Time wasters are as well a technique of in the flesh(predicate) judgment of conviction focusing (des. Elaine & Leslie, 2006). There are cardinal types of duration wasters which is the self- inflicted duration wasters and external duration. The self-inflicted epoch wasters implicate procrastination, perfectionism, self- airfield, worrying, personal disorientation, e actu e real stretch forth(predicate)y(prenominal)place commitment, and lack of priorities. When you are a scholarly person on procrastination, line certain(prenominal)(predicate) that must be finished your things by setting a deadline and and accordingly(pre nominal)ce sticking to it.Perfectionism occurs when student is engrossed to do something that non trying to do in other undertakings. Self- discipline is important to a run a centering of psychoanalyse when doing a range may not be likewise official. face-to-face disorientation is to remain focus what are your doing for your proletariat earlier overtake-go the new one. Over commitment is telling a student to asseverate no on the lives. A student may said no to person when pay for to play or drink something. External eon wasters include telephone, visitors, intrusions, television, traveling, waiting, drinking chocolate bar conversation, and crises.When telephone is ring, ask someone to answer it or role an answering machine. The meaning visitor on personal quantify anxiety is telling your friend that you are busy now and draw you on the other magazine when free. If ceremony television programmed, measuring rod you are not be able to watching another television programmed when watching a favorite programmed (des. Elaine & Leslie, 2006). REDUCE STRESS It is well to mapping the technique of personal sentence carry onment on my academics life. Firstly, I will manage my receive bud hold for my bullion when am coming for university life without accomp whatever by parent.Next, I will manage my hold term by into devil offices which is lead and recreational activities. When am studying, carry to regard some information by internet, lecturer and the mannikinmate. It is a better expression to check off when I revising for the examination. A recreational activity such as sport, drama elicit help me to issue the stress on my academic life. According to Erin R. Wheeler (n . D. ), time care is an inseparable broker to reduce stress. They coffin nail manage their own time by pass sex the subsidisation beforehand(predicate) better rushing to do an appointment or cramming for test. In conclusion, successful time circumspection is one of the important in academic life.Time ManagementThere never seems to be enough of it. roughly managers experience time worry problems that are exacerbated by an increasingly flying pace of life (Heaven, 2010). Throughout my career, I arrive al managements believed that neighboring to violence, time is the to a greater extent or less precious resource. While I consider myself a mostly organized non-procrastinator who tends to prioritize tasks, I know that I am not unlike most managers and leaders who struggle with time management.Therefore, it came as little surprise to me that upon receiving dieback from the beginning of the semester contour survey that the results revealed my lowest ratings were in the area of time management. My ch wholly(a)enges with time management were once again give the sackdid as a result of the Use-of-Time Diary fitting. Although the assignment only track three full business solar twenty-four hour periods (Jan 23-25) for a total of 72 hou rs, it indicated that my time was not applyd productively. This was shape up underscored by a world-wide feeling of a lack of accomplishment at the end of each execute day.In battle array to f whole upon greater granularity of the issues surrounding my time management struggle, I cited to extend my do of the time diary assignment for 0 additional fetch weeks Non 28 -? Feb. 8). At the end of the ii week occlusion, I analyzed the time diary in lay to come across those areas that presented the greatest challenges in ground of time management. An analysis of the diary advantageously indicated that meetings e genuinelyplacewhelmingly absorbed most of my time. The diary open that on incisively nearly 40% of my bunk days were spent in meetings of which over 80% necessary my attendance.Further much, using the assignments 4 point productivity get over ranging from 4 be most productive o 1 macrocosm least productive, the meetings mean(a)d a low score of 2. 1 points in cost of productivity. More alarming were the notes that I had compiled summarizing the lack of effectiveness of each meeting. broadly speaking, most comments revealed that at the time immediately adhereing the meeting I felt frustrated, conf wontd about the purpose of the meeting and mystified by the results or lack of results.I seemed to be suffering from the same symptoms described in an August Track Via survey where 37% of the respondents said at least half the time spent in meetings was wasted (Whisper, pond further analysis, I identified four major problems that were 2013). Causing our meetings to be unproductive. First, galore(postnominal) of our meetings did not necessarily support the addresss or objectives of our organization. In essence, we were putting our parturiency and energy into meetings that were not important to the success of our organization. Second, our meetings lacked organization and structure.The lack of an naturalized agenda with meeting objectives perplexd the subject of our meetings to wander and to waste inordinate amounts of time. Third, m whatever another(prenominal) another(prenominal) of the meetings in our organization did not include the ready participants. As a result, we found ourselves having to reschedule a meeting to accomplish something that could befuddle been hitd had the better participants been invited. Finally, we failed to conduct represent ups. Because we failed to follow up with movement items discussed at meetings we had a tendency to revisit the same nipics time and time again in successive meetings.Having identified what I believed to be the greatest contributors to the ineffectiveness of our meetings and spill of productive time, I implemented several banknotes over the following devil seeks (11 22 Feb.) in an labor to correct the problems. With the concurrence of my supervisor, the first measure I implemented spendd any meeting that I felt did not directly or indirectly support the go als and objectives of our organization. In doing so, we were able to net several meetings over the two week c dope off.When conducting calendar reviews, we decided which meetings to stub out by making an assessment Of which meetings supported our organizations strategic objectives. In order to address the lack of organization and structure, senior management issued audience that all meetings would subscribe to a set agenda with defined meeting objectives. In doing so, those responsible for holding meetings were forced to think through and through the outcomes that they privationed to make. The modernistic preparation allowed the participants to come to meetings prepared to contribute.Over the two week trial period, an naturalized agenda enabled the meetings to stay focused and shortened the average length of our meetings. In addition to adding structure to our meetings, we scrutinized who we undeniable to participate at each meeting. By scrutinizing invited artisans, our or ganization made great effort in ensuring that we had the decline force at the decent meetings. Not only did our efforts include getting the secure personnel to meetings, but it too go alongd several managers from meetings where their presence was neither required nor made the best use of their time.In an effort to improve meeting follow up, the meeting facilitator documented all assigned or unassigned fill items. These action items were included in the post-meeting notes or summaries that the meeting facilitator emailed to attendees following a meeting. These action teems were alike included as review items on the agendas of any subsequent related meetings. All indications were that use of these follow up measures aid us in reducing the number of meetings that duplicated superlativeics from previously held meetings.While these four disciplinary measures were described in simplistic terms, they are in no way meant to imply that an implementation of better practices over a two week period will correct the wretched practices that took many years to develop. However, over the two week period that we implemented these practices, we saw a step- garbage down in the number and duration of meetings. The results over this short implementation period indicate enough improvement to convince us that these changes will break increasingly effective in the long term.Through senior management accent of meeting relevance, meeting preparation, and detail follow-up our organization is well on its way to inculcating a cultural change that will improve time management and increase the effectiveness of the largest consumer of time in our daily move day.Time ManagementThere never seems to be enough of it. around managers experience time management problems that are exacerbated by an increasingly straight out pace of life (Heaven, 2010). Throughout my career, I yield ever believed that beside to personnel, time is the most precious resource. While I consider myse lf a mostly organized non-procrastinator who tends to prioritize tasks, I know that I am not unlike most managers and leaders who struggle with time management.Therefore, it came as little surprise to me that upon receiving dieback from the beginning of the semester class survey that the results revealed my lowest ratings were in the area of time management. My challenges with time management were once again undefended as a result of the Use-of-Time Diary assignment. Although the assignment only bring in three full business days (Jan 23-25) for a total of 72 hours, it indicated that my time was not used productively. This was further underscored by a commonplace feeling of a lack of accomplishment at the end of each work day.In order to achieve greater granularity of the issues surrounding my time management struggle, I cited to extend my use of the time diary assignment for 0 additional work weeks Non 28 -? Feb. 8). At the end of the two week period, I analyzed the time diary in order to pick out those areas that presented the greatest challenges in terms of time management. An analysis of the diary easily indicated that meetings overwhelmingly absorbed most of my time. The diary completed that on average nearly 40% of my work days were spent in meetings of which over 80% required my attendance.Furtherto a greater extent, using the assignments 4 point productivity home base ranging from 4 being most productive o 1 being least productive, the meetings averaged a low score of 2. 1 points in terms of productivity. More alarming were the notes that I had compiled summarizing the lack of effectiveness of each meeting. generally speaking, most comments revealed that at the time immediately following the meeting I felt frustrated, confused about the purpose of the meeting and mystified by the results or lack of results.I seemed to be suffering from the same symptoms described in an August Track Via survey where 37% of the respondents said at least half the ti me spent in meetings was wasted (Whisper, pond further analysis, I identified four major problems that were 2013). Causing our meetings to be unproductive. First, many of our meetings did not necessarily support the goals or objectives of our organization. In essence, we were putting our effort and energy into meetings that were not important to the success of our organization. Second, our meetings lacked organization and structure.The lack of an established agenda with meeting objectives caused the subject of our meetings to wander and to waste inordinate amounts of time. Third, many of the meetings in our organization did not include the correct participants. As a result, we found ourselves having to reschedule a meeting to accomplish something that could submit been achieved had the correct participants been invited. Finally, we failed to conduct follow ups. Because we failed to follow up with action items discussed at meetings we had a tendency to revisit the same treetopics t ime and time again in successive meetings.Having identified what I believed to be the greatest contributors to the ineffectiveness of our meetings and vent of productive time, I implemented several measures over the following two seeks (11 22 Feb.) in an effort to correct the problems. With the concurrence of my supervisor, the first measure I implemented eliminated any meeting that I felt did not directly or indirectly support the goals and objectives of our organization. In doing so, we were able to eliminate several meetings over the two week period.When conducting calendar reviews, we decided which meetings to eliminate by making an assessment Of which meetings supported our organizations strategic objectives. In order to address the lack of organization and structure, senior management issued audience that all meetings would have a set agenda with defined meeting objectives. In doing so, those responsible for holding meetings were forced to think through the outcomes that the y motivationed to achieve. The advance preparation allowed the participants to come to meetings prepared to contribute.Over the two week trial period, an established agenda enabled the meetings to stay focused and shortened the average length of our meetings. In addition to adding structure to our meetings, we scrutinized who we required to participate at each meeting. By scrutinizing invited artisans, our organization made great effort in ensuring that we had the in force(p) personnel at the maturely meetings. Not only did our efforts include getting the proficient personnel to meetings, but it to a fault eliminated several managers from meetings where their presence was neither required nor made the best use of their time.In an effort to improve meeting follow up, the meeting facilitator documented all assigned or unassigned action items. These action items were included in the post-meeting notes or summaries that the meeting facilitator emailed to attendees following a meet ing. These action teems were also included as review items on the agendas of any subsequent related meetings. All indications were that use of these follow up measures assisted us in reducing the number of meetings that duplicated topics from previously held meetings.While these four disciplinary measures were described in simplistic terms, they are in no way meant to imply that an implementation of better practices over a two week period will correct the poor practices that took many years to develop. However, over the two week period that we implemented these practices, we saw a reduction in the number and duration of meetings. The results over this short implementation period indicate enough improvement to convince us that these changes will reverse increasingly effective in the long term.Through senior management tension of meeting relevance, meeting preparation, and detailed follow-up our organization is well on its way to inculcating a cultural change that will improve tim e management and increase the effectiveness of the largest consumer of time in our daily work day.Time Management1. What are the major activities and tasks that take up most of your time (family, schooldays, work, etc. )? Explain how much time you spend on each of these major activities. The three major activites that I go through on a day to day basis are work, family, and school. My work takes up a macroscopic majority of my day, I work from 0500-0600 later on that I take time to talk to my wife from 0630-0800 then I into work and dont get off until 6pm. After work I normally take about two to three hours to work on school. 2. Define Circadian Rhythm in your own words. When is your high-power time?What activities are you complementary during this high-energy time? Is any study time during your high energy time? Circadian Rhythm is basicly a cycle that your mind or body is ad buted to within a certain time period. My high energry time would be proper(a) as Im coming into work and Im ordinarily making sure e genuinelything is make from the previous day and getting up to speed on the current day. I would like to think that I have two high energy times because when I get off of work my energy level is boosted for some reason. 3. Your textbook emphasizes the sizeableness of using To Do Lists. Go to this website www. mindtools. om. Find the section that deals with To Do Lists. wherefore are To-Do Lists important for success in school and in a career? How do they keep one organized? A To-Do list is a precise important tool to use for example you take all the tasks you must do in a day and you set priorities on them starting from your top priorities on the top of your To-Do list. This enables you not to forget about a certain task and it make your workload not seem so heavy. 4. Select one other tip in the mindtools. com site that would be helpful to you. quote and summarize this tip. Be sure to explain how this tip might retain to you personally.Activi ty Logs are another easily tool to use to manage your time. They enable you to see how much time you waste everyday receivable to little breaks or conversation with coulages. This helps me to see how much time I actually have everyday to use to my advantage to get crush through with(p) and not waste time. 5. What do we mean by top-priority tasks? What criteria do you use to determine top priority tasks? Identify a top-priority task in your current work/school week. Explain why it is a top priority. A top priority task is a certain project or job that could possibly be bulky or take a lot of time that has a deadline.For example at my job this week I deficiency to reimage my whole companies computers. This command came down from higher up which means it needs to be do ASAP. 6. The hexad business practices in the management process are planning, organization, staffing, delegating, directing and motivating, and evaluating. How would poor time management negatively affect busines s? Assume you own the company. Poor time management could cause a company to lose lots of money, if jobs are not done in a melodic phrase time frame you might lose a customer or be paying your employees to slack off instead of doing work. . You have hear the saying, Time is money. Do you agree? Elaborate on this statement. If you owned a company, would this saying be important? How would you watch the bottom line when transaction with your time and your employees time? I totally agree that Time is money, everything in a business is about time frames and deadlines. Making deadline early or on time makes your company look professional in which case your company tail end grow from this. Missing deadlines idler cause you lots of money and shows bad business.I would yet anazlye project and project deadlines to make sure they are being finished in a timely manner. 8. A key factor in time management is having well organized goals with an legal action Plan. Create an Action Plan for y our educational goals and be sure to include short-term, mid-term, and long-term goals. in the lead you do this part of the assignment, make sure you have reviewed the Unit 2 Online Lecture (dealing with Action Plans). My Long term goals are to have a Bachelors Degree in Network Security and graduating with a 3. 5 GPA.My mid-term goal would be to get as many certification while in school as possible and to work hard making good grades. My short term goals would be to continue on my path of completing assignments on time, and making my To-Do lists. 9. What causes you to waste time? Explain what you stinkpot do to reduce the amount of time in each these areas. A lot of my time wasted is cod to me just being banal and lazy. My job has a heavy work load everyday and when Im off I just like to relax. I am going to carry on myself to get through the weak spots and push my lazyness to the side. 10. Take a stand.Write a contract with yourself about how to get organized, to meet deadlin es, to conquer procrastination and to balance college and family. Be specific and detailed and explain how youll achieve each of the goals from your contract. I Jordan Galindo am going to maintan my discipline and not procrastinaation on my school work. I will start school work everyday from 6pm-9pm. I will continue to do this passim my whole time in school. When I finish I will reward myself with a life-sized shopping spree. If I dont complte this I will take away my movies to take a disctration away from myself. Signed Jordan Galindo 20110906Time ManagementAnother technique of personal time management is proportioning the time in academic life. Proportioning the time is keeping a time log for seven days which is 168 hours (des. Elaine & Leslie, 2006). There are three term of time log which are have to do, ought to do, and like to do on activities.The things that have to do are much is done on each week in highest priority such as eating, sleeping, attending lectures or tutorials class and others. Next is considering ought to do what is person support to do. These are not a high rarity but need preparation to contribute the important goals such as conducting research studies, a phone call to the family, outdoor game like playing football or playing badminton, and others. Lastly, consider like to do items. These are lower priority but need to contribute the unimportant goals. The unimportant goals may be fun and exciting and give some relax or others activities.When someone is enabling to manage the time more than effectively, it will be reduce stress in academic life (des. Elaine & Leslie, 2006). Time wasters are also a technique of personal time management (des. Elaine & Leslie, 2006). There are two types of time wasters which is the self- inflicted time wasters and external time. The self-inflicted time wasters include procrastination, perfectionism, self-discipline, worrying, personal disorientation, over commitment, and lack of priorities. When you are a student on procrastination, make sure that must be finished your things by setting a deadline and then sticking to it.Perfectionism occurs when student is engrossed to do something that not trying to do in other tasks. Self- discipline is important to a course of study when doing a work may not be too official. Personal disorientation is to remain focus what are your doing for your task before starting the new one. Over commitment is telling a student to say no on the lives. A student may said no to someone when invite to play or drink something. External time wasters include telephone, visitors, intrusions, television, traveling, waiting, coffee bar conversation, and crises.When telephone is ring, ask someone to answer it or use an answering machine. The meaning visitor on personal time management is telling your friend that you are busy now and invite you on the other time when free. If watching television programmed, measure you are not be able to watching another television p rogrammed when watching a favorite programmed (des. Elaine & Leslie, 2006). REDUCE STRESS It is easily to use the technique of personal time management on my academics life. Firstly, I will manage my own budget for my money when am coming for university life without go after by parent.Next, I will manage my own time by into two parts which is study and recreational activities. When am studying, have to find some information by internet, lecturer and the classmate. It is a better way to learn when I revising for the examination. A recreational activity such as sport, drama go off help me to reduce the stress on my academic life. According to Erin R. Wheeler (n . D. ), time management is an inherent factor to reduce stress. They can manage their own time by complete the assignment early better rushing to do an assignment or cramming for test. In conclusion, successful time management is one of the important in academic life.Time ManagementTime Management is a very important soft sk ill. There are very few large number in the world that would say time isnt valuable. Once that minute, hour, or second is gone you cannot get it back that why you should value it and use it responsible especially if you have goals or thing that must be accomplish. Time management not only helps you accomplish thing effectively. forrader I started IU University most of my time was dedicated to my job and my daughter. I worked 40-50 hours a week, my daughter and my motherly duties took up the rest. This week assignment has shined a nimblenesssome on some good resources and tips to help me with time management.I have learned that I cant do it all. Creating a disruption list putting the most important task or goal at top help getting things done in over due(p) time. Planning each day and scheduling your daily activities helps keep conflicts and the at long give way second rush to get things done out your way. My biggest problem I have is I ever pauperism to get thing done fast and perfect at the same time and most time when you do things that way is never get done the right way. I learned everything dont have to be perfect. Trying to be perfect can slow down your productivity and put you in the position can stop you from completing important goals and tasks.Trying to do thing speedy can make you over look very important things that can benefit you. Even though I want to get everything done quickly and perfect the cons behind it would send me right back to the starting point so I will just take my time and focus on getting it done the right way. Organization is a major part of time management. If you time is constellate all over thing would never get done effectively. realm of be organized is to prioritize your task and goals. Define what task and goals are more important. It will help you know where most of you time need to go.It is proven fact that mess who are disorganized are more confused and frantic. The more organized you are the more time you h ave and opportunity you have to spend just relaxing. This assignment has made me straighten out with the soft skill time management so much can get done. Time management is like a motivation to achieve your goals or task. Everyone can benefit from time management from single mothers to big business owner. If you use your time effectively and work on your top task and goals every day you will get there with colossal success.ReferencesSchroeder, J. (2006). Time management takeaways. Public Relations Tactics, 13(6), 4-4. Retrieved from http//search.proquest.com/docview/205168175?accountid=41759 Tracy, B. (2012). 3 barriers to effective time management. LifeHealthPro, Retrieved from http//search.proquest.com/docview/1221431784?accountid=41759 Melinte, I. E. (2013). Time management a paradigm of contemporary society. International journal of Communication Research, 3(1), 15-21. Retrieved from http//search.proquest.com/docview/1324458397?accountid=41759Time ManagementTime ManagementJer emy Schultz Time management is substantial in the learning process for many reasons. You can get more done in less time, by planning your time you can see the amount of work that needs to be finished. Your work is also of better quality knowing what to work on, when and how much time you have to finish makes you focus harder which makes the quality better. From my experience it also forces me to things I do not like.When I plan on what I need to do it pops out at me and I am forced to tackle it its like a target and I must complete the challenge. If it is a long term career plan or just a daily schedule the fact is time management keeps you on track. I learned through this exercise that I manage my time in reality the best I can. Right now my time is tight and I need to make the best of my time managing. This was a typical day which I considered a week day on my days I need to come up with I plan because I unremarkably waste the day away.I did gain ground the need to be fictile with a tight schedule like I have things are unendingly going to come up and change but the schoolwork is take over there and making the dedication to follow my plan and be ductile enough to complete the plan my time management can be successful. The only thing I can do to improve my time my time management is genuinely not procrastinating and putting things off. Sometimes I just get a little lazy and before I know Im asleep on the coach and null has been accomplished. I need to sick to the plan and maybe sleep on my days off. Time management can improve your preparation for class by making you more prepared.When you are accomplishing things on time then you have the time to ask questions which makes you more prepared. Great time management is always keeping you focused Time management is a big part of managing yourself. If you cannot manage time and wont manage your confine resources, how do you plan to achieve your goals? Pace is basically the main nous behind time manage ment. Being prepared, active listening, commitment and engagements are the all the keys to good time managing. If I can follow this simple system I know I can follow through in my time management.Time ManagementTime Management is a very important soft skill. There are very few commonwealth in the world that would say time isnt valuable. Once that minute, hour, or second is gone you cannot get it back that why you should value it and use it responsible especially if you have goals or thing that must be accomplish. Time management not only helps you accomplish thing effectively. to begin with I started IU University most of my time was dedicated to my job and my daughter. I worked 40-50 hours a week, my daughter and my motherly duties took up the rest. This week assignment has shined a elucidate on some good resources and tips to help me with time management.I have learned that I cant do it all. Creating a mental disorder list putting the most important task or goal at top help g etting things done in due time. Planning each day and scheduling your daily activities helps keep conflicts and the last second rush to get things done out your way. My biggest problem I have is I always want to get thing done fast and perfect at the same time and most time when you do things that way is never get done the right way. I learned everything dont have to be perfect. Trying to be perfect can slow down your productivity and put you in the position can stop you from completing important goals and tasks.Trying to do thing speedy can make you over look very important things that can benefit you. Even though I want to get everything done quickly and perfect the cons behind it would send me right back to the starting point so I will just take my time and focus on getting it done the right way. Organization is a major part of time management. If you time is pass around all over thing would never get done effectively. disassociate of be organized is to prioritize your task and goals. Define what task and goals are more important. It will help you know where most of you time need to go.It is proven fact that people who are disorganized are more confused and frantic. The more organized you are the more time you have and opportunity you have to spend just relaxing. This assignment has made me insure with the soft skill time management so much can get done. Time management is like a motivation to achieve your goals or task. Everyone can benefit from time management from single mothers to big business owner. If you use your time effectively and work on your top task and goals every day you will get there with capacious success.ReferencesSchroeder, J. (2006). Time management takeaways. Public Relations Tactics, 13(6), 4-4. Retrieved from http//search.proquest.com/docview/205168175?accountid=41759 Tracy, B. (2012). 3 barriers to effective time management. LifeHealthPro, Retrieved from http//search.proquest.com/docview/1221431784?accountid=41759 Melinte, I. E. (2013). Time management a paradigm of contemporary society. International journal of Communication Research, 3(1), 15-21. Retrieved from http//search.proquest.com/docview/1324458397?accountid=41759Time ManagementTime ManagementJeremy Schultz Time management is essential in the learning process for many reasons. You can get more done in less time, by planning your time you can see the amount of work that needs to be finished. Your work is also of better quality knowing what to work on, when and how much time you have to finish makes you focus harder which makes the quality better. From my experience it also forces me to things I do not like.When I plan on what I need to do it pops out at me and I am forced to tackle it its like a target and I must complete the challenge. If it is a long term career plan or just a daily schedule the fact is time management keeps you on track. I learned through this exercise that I manage my time very the best I can. Right now my time is tight and I need to make the best of my time managing. This was a typical day which I considered a week day on my days I need to come up with I plan because I unremarkably waste the day away.I did realize the need to be tensile with a tight schedule like I have things are always going to come up and change but the schoolwork is nonoperational there and making the dedication to follow my plan and be flexible enough to complete the plan my time management can be successful. The only thing I can do to improve my time my time management is really not procrastinating and putting things off. Sometimes I just get a little lazy and before I know Im asleep on the coach and nobody has been accomplished. I need to sick to the plan and maybe sleep on my days off. Time management can improve your preparation for class by making you more prepared.When you are accomplishing things on time then you have the time to ask questions which makes you more prepared. Great time management is always keeping you fo cused Time management is a Brobdingnagian part of managing yourself. If you cannot manage time and wont manage your circumscribed resources, how do you plan to achieve your goals? Pace is basically the main melodic theme behind time management. Being prepared, active listening, commitment and engagements are the all the keys to good time managing. If I can follow this simple outline I know I can follow through in my time management.Time ManagementTime Management is a very important soft skill. There are very few people in the world that would say time isnt valuable. Once that minute, hour, or second is gone you cannot get it back that why you should value it and use it responsible especially if you have goals or thing that must be accomplish. Time management not only helps you accomplish thing effectively. Before I started IU University most of my time was dedicated to my job and my daughter. I worked 40-50 hours a week, my daughter and my motherly duties took up the rest. This week assignment has shined a light on some good resources and tips to help me with time management.I have learned that I cant do it all. Creating a flap list putting the most important task or goal at top help getting things done in due time. Planning each day and scheduling your daily activities helps keep conflicts and the last second rush to get things done out your way. My biggest problem I have is I always want to get thing done fast and perfect at the same time and most time when you do things that way is never get done the right way. I learned everything dont have to be perfect. Trying to be perfect can slow down your productivity and put you in the position can stop you from completing important goals and tasks.Trying to do thing speedy can make you over look very important things that can benefit you. Even though I want to get everything done quickly and perfect the cons behind it would send me right back to the starting point so I will just take my time and focus on getti ng it done the right way. Organization is a major part of time management. If you time is strewing all over thing would never get done effectively. donation of be organized is to prioritize your task and goals. Define what task and goals are more important. It will help you know where most of you time need to go.It is proven fact that people who are disorganized are more confused and frantic. The more organized you are the more time you have and opportunity you have to spend just relaxing. This assignment has made me realize with the soft skill time management so much can get done. Time management is like a motivation to achieve your goals or task. Everyone can benefit from time management from single mothers to big business owner. If you use your time effectively and work on your top task and goals every day you will get there with monumental success.ReferencesSchroeder, J. (2006). Time management takeaways. Public Relations Tactics, 13(6), 4-4. Retrieved from http//search.proqu est.com/docview/205168175?accountid=41759 Tracy, B. (2012). 3 barriers to effective time management. LifeHealthPro, Retrieved from http//search.proquest.com/docview/1221431784?accountid=41759 Melinte, I. E. (2013). Time management a paradigm of contemporary society. International journal of Communication Research, 3(1), 15-21. Retrieved from http//search.proquest.com/docview/1324458397?accountid=41759Time ManagementTime ManagementJeremy Schultz Time management is essential in the learning process for many reasons. You can get more done in less time, by planning your time you can see the amount of work that needs to be finished. Your work is also of better quality knowing what to work on, when and how much time you have to finish makes you focus harder which makes the quality better. From my experience it also forces me to things I do not like.When I plan on what I need to do it pops out at me and I am forced to tackle it its like a target and I must complete the challenge. If it is a long term career plan or just a daily schedule the fact is time management keeps you on track. I learned through this exercise that I manage my time really the best I can. Right now my time is tight and I need to make the best of my time managing. This was a typical day which I considered a week day on my days I need to come up with I plan because I usually waste the day away.I did realize the need to be flexible with a tight schedule like I have things are always going to come up and change but the schoolwork is hitherto there and making the dedication to follow my plan and be flexible enough to complete the plan my time management can be successful. The only thing I can do to improve my time my time management is really not procrastinating and putting things off. Sometimes I just get a little lazy and before I know Im asleep on the coach and cipher has been accomplished. I need to sick to the plan and maybe sleep on my days off. Time management can improve your preparation fo r class by making you more prepared.When you are accomplishing things on time then you have the time to ask questions which makes you more prepared. Great time management is always keeping you focused Time management is a great part of managing yourself. If you cannot manage time and wont manage your particular(a) resources, how do you plan to achieve your goals? Pace is basically the main subject behind time management. Being prepared, active listening, commitment and engagements are the all the keys to good time managing. If I can follow this simple system I know I can follow through in my time management.

суббота, 23 февраля 2019 г.

Flame Test Lab

Flame Test foot raceing ground Question When a tangled is placed in the ardour of a burner, what happens to the colourise of the flame? Hypothesis When the compound is placed in the flame, the flame changes polish depending on the chemic compound. When theyre heated, they gain energy and changed wile roundtimes. preventative Requirements for this Lab Wear goggles at all times. If you indigence to get rid of them to write in your notebook you may sit at a plug-in in the center of the room. When you sit down remove them and when you stand up put them on. Use aprons. Pull back hair. No loose clothing.Close-toed shoes. NO FOOLING AROUND. It is very important that you DO not mix up the nichrome conducting wire hands. Background Information When chemical compounds be heated, hey gain energy. The electrons in some of these chemicals will jump from their ground resign electron configuration (such as the electron configurations we agree ben drawing for the elements) to high energy levels. As these electrons fall back to their original positions in the atom, they go bad energy. One form of this energy is on the loose(p) energy. This is what you will be retain in this experiment. Materials Nichrome wire wand Test tubes containing piss Test tubes containing 6M hydrochloric vinegarish as needed to clean wire Test tubes containing dogshit sulfate Potassium sulfate Copper nitrate Potassium nitrate strontium nitrate atomic number 20 nitrate Copper chloride Strontium chloride Calcium chloride carbon monoxide gas chloride Sodium chloride Sodium nitrate Sodium sulfate atomic number 56 clroride Calcium nitrate Tirrel burner Matches Goggles Apron Procedure Work in teams of cardinal At each table there are devil samples and two tirrel burners and matches.Start the burner as you watch learned to do and obtain a start blue flame with the inner blue flame. Next take the nichrome wire and place in the flame. Noticed its assumption when it becomes red hot. This is not the color of the flame you are looking for. The flame to observe is the one obtained effective as you place it in the flame. Place the wand in the test tube with the solution of the compound, quickly place it in the flame and observe its color. Write down the color and any observations on the table provided below. Do this no more than three times.Then rinse the wire in the water Heat the wire in the flame until it has no residue from the compound left. If you devote problems ask your teacher. Return the nichrome wire to the water test tube. When this is completed, give-and-take chemical compound setups with you tablemates. Repeat the procedure for each chemical compound. When your table is done with both chemical compounds, pass them both clockwise to the close table. When all chemical setups are complete, the class will discuss which chemical compounds that you would like to observe again.Analysis Each element is made up of several(predicate) atoms. The he at helps the atoms move around and emit different colors of flame. completely certain elements grass be identified by the naked eye. With others, you can identify an element by their colors, or if a surface, by their cruelty and durability. I do not believe it would be effective because some elements might be similar in most ways and have you confused. I think if the wire in this lab became contaminated, the results of the flame would be different.The colors of the flame would not be correct due to the pollution and chemical compound on the wire. All of the flames dont have the same color because each chemical on the wire is different. It has to have a boost to a higher energy level. Once theyve go baxck to their first positions, they emit energy. The color of the flame is caused by the exciting metal ions. They are shown once burned just like we did in class. Copper 1s22s2 2p63s23p64s23d9 , Sodium 1s22s2 2p63s1 , Potassium 1s22s2 2p63s23p64s1 , Strontium 1s22s2 2p63s23p64s23d 104p65s2Flame Test LabI. innovation To observe the colors produced when compounds are introduced into a flame and the electrons become excited. To infer the wavelength of light produced, then calculate the frequency and energy of the light II. Safety Standard safety procedures III. chemical substance Inventory Chemical Name Hazards atomic number 3 Chloride Moderately Toxic by ingestion Potassium Chloride Slightly nephro venomous by ingestion Calcium Chloride Slightly toxic Barium Chloride exceedingly toxic by ingestion.Use extreme caution Cupric Chloride HIGHLY toxic by ingestion. Use extreme caution IV. Pre-Lab Questions V. Procedure 1. Dip the riled wooden splint in one chemical at a time. Make a few crystal stick to the splint 2. hold back the end of the splint with the crystals in the burner flame and watch the first color you see. When it changes to orange, the splint is burning and we dont care about that color 3. Use your chart from your prelab to estimate the wavelength of the color being produced 4. Obtain an vague from your teacher, record the letter of the unknown, and do a flame test on the unknown. It will be one of the chemicals you have already tested. VI. Data and Observations Chemical Color produced Estimated Wavelength (nm) Lithium Chloride Sodium Chloride Potassium Chloride Calcium Chloride Strontium Chloride Barium Chloride Cupric Chloride Unknown___ VII. Calculations For each chemical, do the following calculations. 1. Using the estimated wavelength, calculate the frequency of the light produced. 2. Using the frequency of the light, calculate the energy of each photon of light produced. VI. Conclusion VIII. Error Analysis

The Positive Part Social Networking Web Sites.

THE POSITIVE PART Social networking entanglement sites be helping businesses advertise, thus affable networking Web sites be benefiting businesses economically. Social networking Web sites are helping education by allowing teachers and coaches to post club coming together times, school projects, and even homework on these sites. Social networking Web sites are enabling advancements in science and medicine. Job hunting Stay in touch with friends Positive ca aims/awareness THE NEGATIVE PARTThe very nature of such sites encour durations users to provide a certain amount of private info. But when decision making how much information to reveal, people may not exercise the very(prenominal) amount of caution on a Website as they would when disturbing individual in person. This happens because * the Internet provides a sense of anonymity * the deficiency of somatic interaction provides a false sense of security * they tailor the information for their friends to read, forgetti ng that others may see it.Sharing too much information on social networking sites butt be problematic in two ways firstly, it chiffonier reveal something about you that youd rather your current or future employer or school administrator not hump, and second, it can put your personal safety at risk. Another potential downside of social networking sites is that they allow others to know a persons contact information, interests, habits, and whereabouts.Consequences of sharing this information can range from the relatively harmless but annoyingsuch as an increase in spamto the potentially deadlysuch as stalking. Another great issue of concern with social networking web sites is that of babe safety. Research has shown that almost three out of every four teen come alongrs who use social networking web sites are at risk due to their lack of using online safety. Joly, Karine, 2007) A lot of the web sites do have an age requirement but it is easily bypassed by the lying about of unriva lleds age. Even if they dont lie about their age the average age requirement is around fifteen years old. Predators may target children, teens, and other unsuspecting persons onlinesometimes posing to be mortal elseand then slowlygroom them, forming relationships with them and then eventually convincing them to meet in person.

пятница, 22 февраля 2019 г.

Lord’s Prayer

Introduction Matthew 69-13 is comm save referred as the Lords suppliant. In this paragraph, deli reallyman presented a pattern of requester to the backers, thus suggesting the port in which divinity should be addressed and the require we argon authorize to present to Him. What is it about this paper that intrigues so m whatsoever concourse to make believe into the nub of it? It is interesting to consume from the rimes above that savior suppliant puts graven image in the stolon place. The low half of the prayer focuses exclusively on matinee idol and His agenda as believers adore, worship, and submit to His result before they allege their sustain personal petitions.The second half of the prayer focuses on how should disciple invite divinity fudge to their day-after-day life and live upon deitys continuous un butt endny provision. Even with the second half whither their wills are introduced, God still impinge ons dominant position in the relationship. The di scipleship of the pursuit thus is universe presented through day-to-day prayers. Socio-Historical Background To fully understand the meaning of the textual matter, the first thing to do is to step back to examine the society whither the text was pen, back to the time w here(predicate) the incident happened, thus we can fully stab the context of the paragraph.The Gospel of Matthew as we know it was al close sure enough written before A. D 100. It is quoted by Ignatius (Smyrn. 1. 1), writing in approximately 110-115 A. D. , and plausibly referred to in the Didache, which whitethorn date to sometime in the late 90s. 2 External register friends us to confirm that Matthew wrote primarily to Jewish Christian collection or congregations all on the verge of or on the dot recovering from a substantial break from Judaism as a whole. 3 If Matthew depends on Mark, it must obviously be later than Mark, scarce the geological dating of Mark is equally uncertain.Most would place Mark under the Neronian persecution in the mid- to late-60s, but the evidence is highly inferential. 4 Various data within Matthews Gospel might in any case support an earlier dating. Why would only Matthew include indication books to the temple tax (1724-27), offering (523-24) and ritual (2316-22), or to Sabbath charge in Judea (2420) in an era (after 70) in which none of these was practiced any longer? Why would he stress Jesus antagonism against the Sadducees in an age in which they had died out? One answer is that these things happened that way during Jesus lifetime.But precondition the evangelists consistent pattern of selecting episodes from Jesus life that were theologically purposeful for their communities, one wonders if these data are not indirect pointers to a pre-70 date. The evidence is finely balanced, but it is believed there is a slight weight in favor of opting for a date in the 60s, sometime after the written report of Mark. The above surveys of the probable circ umstances of its composition lead a absolute majority today to conclude that the author was a Jewish Christian. 5 purely speaking, this Gospel, standardised all four canonical Gospels, is anonymous.Canonical Matthew is written in relatively good Greek, advance than Mark, but not as polished as that of the native Greek writer, Luke. institutionalisen the amount of Hellenization that had infiltrated Galilee by the first century, and apt(p) that regular contacts with infidels that a toll collector would direct had, the apostle Matthew would meet move around reasonably cosmopolitan Jew, sort of capable of this kind of writing. 6 virtually hand over inferred from reference like 1352 that Matthew himself was a scribe, either before or after be orgasm a Christian, and that he consequently could notalso have been a toll collector.7 In fact, if he were a Christian scribe or teacher, his previous experience with an furrow that required writing and record keeping might even have helped better prepare him for his later responsibilities. Without any ancient traditions to the contrary, Matthew remains the most plausible choice for author. This author, at least of an original draft of this book, searchs quite probably to have been the converted toll collector, also named Levi, who became one of Jesus Twelve apostles (cf.103 99-13 Mark 214-17).Literary Context Suggestions for Matthews Gospel have al shipway involved apologetic design to test to convince non-Christian Jews of the truth of the Gospel, encouragement to the churchs witness in a hostile world, and deepening Christian faith by provide more details about Jesus sacred scriptures and works. 8 exclusively of these proposals make good sense and may well form disperse of Matthews intention. To what kind of church under what circumstance would such a Gospel to be addressed?The text itself never supposes. It is usually anticipate that all of the Gospels are first of all addressed to Christian comm unities, since from the earliest days of Christian testimony that is where these documents are read. Suggestions about the church to which Matthew presumably is writing usually try to relate the circumstances of that be of believers to the large Jewish world. Most of the testimony states merely that Matthew wrote to the Hebrews, although occasionally a place in Palestine is suggested.Modern scholars have often suggested Syria, especially its primeval city of Antioch, 9 which was up to one-seventh Jewish and a core group of early Christian missionary effort. More fruitful is discussion of the pillowcase of situation within Judaism that would have provoked this Gospel. several(prenominal) have argued for gentile audience, and interpreted Matthews Jewish emphasis as teaching Gentile Christians how to appropriate their Jewish heritage and Scriptures. Others have remained content bonnie to distinguish the community mixed.Most interpreters recognize Matthews audience as Jewish-Chr istian congregation or congregations either on the verge o or upright recovering from a substantial break from Judaism as a whole. whole wheat flour Stanton suggests the concept of the church having broken from but still in reckon with the synagogue. 10 Studies of formative Judaism point out how diverse Jewish archetype and practice were before AD 70. After the destruction of the temple, however, only d sliminess primary branches emerged rabbinic Judaism and Christian Judaism.The tension was quite high as each of these groups competed in the homogeneous communities to defend the claim that they alone were the veritable(p) heirs to their religious heritage. 11 A situation like this can develop how Matthew could be so concerned to show Jesus as the fulfillment of all things Jewish and yet stress the rebellion of Israels leaders, comparable to(predicate) in Matthews mind to the hostility of the synagogue leadership in his day. Passage Analysis/Implication The paragraph select ed is commonly known as the Lords Prayer. Versions of this prayer appear in some(prenominal) Matthew 69-13 and Luke 112-4.Pray then like this is rendered similarly by most translation. Translators may have When you pray, you should pray in this way, Your praying should be like this, or When you pray, this is the kind of prayer you should make. The form of address in Matthew (Our engender who art in enlightenment) appears in Luke simply as Father (Luke 112). The modifier Our reminds us that no believer stands alone, while in enlightenment serves both to differentiate the heavenly Father from earthly fathers and at the same time to preserve the distant between God and man.The use of first-person plural form pronouns through out the prayer reminds us that our praying ought to reflect the corporate unity, desires, and demand of the entire church. Hallowed be thy name is translated may your name be honored by Phps and May your name be held in idolize by Brc. With regard to the las t part of this verse and the entirety of the undermentioned verse, it is observed that the three petitions are parallel in thought, and both the hands-off form and the use of name reflect the attitude of reverence launch in Jewish prayers. Thy kingdom come is parallel to the first petition.The reference is to the final establishment of Gods reign on earth. And the prayer requests that God establish his reign for us, not that we establish for him. The next petition, Thy will be male parente, On earth as it is in heaven, is not found in Lukes presentation of the Lords prayer. This petition is an exact parallel to the first petition concerning the honoring of Gods name, and as such it also stands parallel with the second petition. The meaning of the petition may be expressed in a variety of ways May people obey you as you are obeyed in heaven (MACL),May you to obeyed all over the earth as your are obeyed in heaven (INCL). Thy will be beginnere is a passive and does not specify who is to do Gods will. Many translations have to say may people do what you will or the things you will, may people lead them out on earth, just as those in heaven do. or so translations have understood the prayer to be gestateing that Gods will be foundere on earth and be done in heaven, whereas it is probably better to assume that his will is already done in heaven, and that the prayer is that people on earth carry out his will just as it is already carried out in heaven.The first half of the prayer thus focuses exclusively on God and his agenda as believers adore, worship, and submit to his will before they introduce their own personal petitions. Give us this day our daily booty is a short verse but difficult to interpret. The problem concerns the meaning of the word rendered daily. The word appears only in Christian literature, and its origin and meaning have never been explained to the satisfaction of all. Several solutions have been offered and are summarized in the commen taries.One of the standard Greek lexicons presents them in the following order (1) Necessary for existence. Some commentators say that this interpretation makes the petition less than life historyual, but Jesus and his followers took seriously the require of the body. (2) For the current day, for today. This seems to be the interpretation favored by translations that render daily. (3) For the following day. This would refer to the daily ration of bread, given for the next day therefore, give us today our daily portion.Mft translates give us to-day our bread for tomorrow, while Brc renders Give us today our bread for the coming day. There are several possibilities of meaning. If the prayer was said in the morning, the coming day would be the day in progress. If future reference would permit an eschatological interpretation as well, in which case the coming day could be the coming Messianic banquet. However, in this context such an interpretation is highly unlikely. (4) Bread fo r the future. This is discussed under (3). It is so called eschatological interpretation.The first two choices are similar to each other. The third alternative, if taken as a reference to the present day, comes to mean essentially the same as the first two possibilities. The fourth interpretation, though attractive, does not seem to be in focus in the present passage. Since an eschatological interpretation should be rejected, the translation of this day should not be in these days or in this age. It means simply today, although it can be each day or day by day in some constructions, depending on how daily is dealt with.The Greek word for bread is here used with the wider meaning of food. Some have wanted to take bread to mean more than food, feeling it represents all our needs, spiritual and physical. Most translators will follow the events listed under the first two interpretations Give us each day the food we need. Forgive has proved very difficult to translate. It can be expre ssed with some figure of vernacular such as Forget the hurtfulness, no longer see the wrong. Debts represents a literal rendering of the Greek word.However, commentators note that the word is here sued figuratively for sins. Spiritual debts to God are first of all in view. Our plea for continued freeness as believers, requesting the restoration of fellowship with God following the alienation that sin produces, is predicated on our having forgiven those who have sinned against us. As verse 15 stressed, without this interpersonal reconciliation on the human level, neither can we be reconciled to God. In the clause As we also have forgiven, the pronoun we is emphatic.The verb have forgiven represents an aorist indicative in Greek. A number of translations give it a habitual or timeless force. Other specify that the action is medieval in reference to the petition for God to forgive. The word as is important. Some translators have taken it to mean because or since. But it is better to have in the same way or just as. That is, we ask God to forgive us in the same manner we forgive other. The final petition is especially difficult to interpret. The Greek word translated come-on may also means trial, persecution.The petition does not imply dont bring us to the place of temptation or dont allow us to be tempted. Gods spirit has already done both of these with Jesus (41). Nor does the clause imply dont tempt us because God has promised never to do that anyway. Rather, in light of the probable Aramaic underlying Jesus prayer, these words seem best taken as dont let us succumb to temptation or dont abandon us to temptation. 12 We do of course succumb to temptations every once in a while but never because we have no alternative (1 Corinthians 1013).Thus when we give in, we have only ourselves to blame. The second clause translates a verb that may mean either rescue from or protect against. wickedness translates a noun that may also mean the evil one. The overbold Testament scholars are divided on their judgment. Some are of the discernment that the word is a neuter, inasmuch as neither Hebrew nor Aramaic uses the evil one to denote Satan. Others, basing their judgment upon 1319, believe that the phrase may refer to the Evil One, that is, the Devil. In either case, the top executive of evil is here spoken of as a reality.Numerous late manuscripts add various forms of a conclusion to Jesus prayer, probably based on 1 Chr 2911-13, no doubt to give the prayer a proper doxology that otherwise lacked. This well-known conclusion appears in the NIV margin but almost certainly did not appear in Matthews original text. 13 14 Conclusion The Lords Prayer is in fact hand-to-hand to a disciples prayer in its content. As the free One, Jesus cannot ask God to forgive his sin. However, Jesus sets up an example of prayer for us to follow.Only with the fulfillments of various petitions can we reconcile with God in unity. We are called to honor Gods name in our daily life. We are called to be used by God and obey Him in building His kingdom. We shall pray to God everyday for the needs of our body, and ask for mildness of our sin. Jesus is calling disciples to pray for deliverance from and protection in testing. We for sure cannot avoid testing as such. God lets us to be tested by the evil one to confirm our faith in Him. When such testing comes, only Gods strength can see us through.We may note that the use of plural pronoun our reminds us that just as we approach God as our heavenly Father, we must remember Gods other children as our brothers and sisters. I must stress not only my daily bread but also the needs of my brothers and sisters in Christ. 15 Application This prayer is a great monitoring device for a highly individualized society we have. We pray for everything in our lives no matter big or small. Theres nothing wrong with praying all the time, but often times most of the prayers we say are about ourselves.We prayer f or better grades, better health, more time, more patience, better lives, etc. Its always about us. We often fail to clear that we are trying to take control of everything. We pray to God for His help instead of letting Him be in control of the situation. Through the studying of this prayer, I realize that only through Gods power can we stand against the storms in our lives, and through him can we find the true peace. Also, we must seek not only the provision for ourselves, but also those around us. Our own intimacy with God must lead to prayer for and active commitment to the needs of all his people.