среда, 27 февраля 2019 г.
Niccolo Machiavelli: About Liberal Countries
Italian philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli in Chapter V of his writing speculates upon political backgrounds of governing the empires and expresses his opinion about the most effective way to pattern such parts of the empire, which previously were living under own system of rules of laws and regulations. In Machiavellis opinion, the best political strategy to govern such principalities or cities would be granting the system of strict control of the ruler and devising new colonies obey the laws which were already existing in the empire. In example if by near reason it is impossible to hold the new colonies in bondage, the best and the safest way, according to Machiavelli, would be destroying such former liberal regions.He supports this idea with a number of specific historical examples that illustrate the reality of his hypothesis. Ancient city of Sparta gained control of several colonies, including the cities of Thebes and Athens, but could not overcome there for some long peri od of time and eventually incapacitated these cities, because the old order and laws were not abolished.However, the Roman Empire was following another(prenominal) tactic in such colonies of the Romans as Numantia, Capua and Carthage the old system of laws and amicable order were dismantled and new regions were totally placed under the check of the Emperor. That is how the Romans succeeded in keeping those colonies under control for centuries.According to Machiavelli, this phenomenon can be explained by the necessity to suppress liberal thoughts and love to freedom of impertinently acquired colonies, because otherwise the spirit of liberty will cause the attempts to obtain liberty or revenge.The philosopher also points on some advantages and benefits of being governed by some ruler for the colonies. First of all, the experienced head of the empire can establish political and economic order in a colony overmuch easier and more effectively. Besides, the ruler can provide higher national protective cover and protect the nation from possible civil misunderstandings, rebellions or military attacks, and so on.